Medical conditions that can make you gain weight

Medical conditions that can make you gain weight

Gaining unexpected weight is a nightmare for everyone. When you gain or lose weight suddenly, you might think it’s due to involuntary changes in how you eat or how energetic you have been. And mostly, that’s perhaps what’s behind it. But a huge list of health conditions can also influence weight gain or loss, either by disturbing your appetite and energy levels or through affecting your metabolism.

Unintentional weight gain can be continuous, periodic or rapid.

Periodic unintentional weight gain includes steady variations in weight. Periodic, but longer-term unplanned weight gain is often the outcome of pregnancy, which lasts for nine months.

Fast unintentional weight gain may be due to medication repercussion. Many cases of an unintentional weight gain are innocuous. But some indications experienced along with rapid weight gain may indicate a serious medical emergency.

Here are some of the medical conditions that can cause a gain in weight.


An underactive thyroid means your thyroid gland is not constructing enough thyroid hormones, which play a fundamental role in regulating your metabolism. Although an underactive thyroid can befall at any age and in either of the sex, it is mostly found to occur in older women.

The ailment usually treated with every day hormone-replacement tablets is called levothyroxine.


Weight gain is a mutual fallout for people who take insulin to control their diabetes. Insulin helps to manage your blood sugar level. Some people with long-lasting diabetes tend to eat more than they need to avoid low blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia.

But diabetes can also cause weight loss, along with matters like increased thirst, fatigue, often peeing, blurry vision, and more. The weight loss comes into consideration if diabetes makes you pee more often to get rid of surplus sugar in your blood, this makes you pee out calories.

 Persistent depressive disorder

Just as this condition can be a reason for weight gain due to overeating, it can also cause weight loss because of undereating. If you’re contending with this and other symptoms of tenacious depressive disorder or despair, that’s worth observing.

Peptic ulcer disease

Like the condition stated above, this is on both lists because it can impact your eating behaviours in several ways. Some people find that eating makes the discomfort of peptic ulcers worse, so, they might try to eat as little as probable and lose weight as a result.


People deal with depression differently. Most people eat their depression by eating whatever is in front of them (edible). Some people skip meals so that they can deal with the dark thoughts that are jumbled up inside of their heads. Depression is a medical condition that can cause people to gain immense weight.

Cushing’s syndrome

This condition outcomes when the adrenal glands (situated on top of each kidney) constructs a superfluous amount of a steroid hormone called cortisol. This central to a build-up of fat in features sites such as the upper back, face, and abdomen.

Weight gain is a common warning sign, predominantly on the chest, face and stomach. It befalls because cortisol reasons fat to be redistributed to these areas. Dependent on the cause, treatment archetypally involves either dropping or diminishing the use of steroids, or surgery to remove the tumour.


It is said in research that people who sleep lesser than 7 hours a day are more likely to gain weight than those who complete their 8 hours a day sleep. It’s not provident why, but one concept is that sleep-deprived people have abridged levels of leptin, the chemical that makes you feel filled, and higher levels of ghrelin.

Fluid retention

Fluid retention reasons parts of the body to become swollen and puffy, which can be understood to result in weight gain. This gain is caused by fluid hoarding in the body. Some types of fluid withholding are common – for example, if you are pre menstruating, your body is seen to bloat which basically increases of water retention in your body, this results in the gain in the weight.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) 

PCOS is very common these days. This condition affects the working of a woman’s ovaries. Indications can include irregular periods, trouble getting pregnant, excess hair fall and gain in the weight. The meticulous cause of PCOS is mysterious, but it’s thought to be hormone-related, including too much testosterone and insulin.

Weight loss can be made by controlling the diet and exercising daily and in some conditions, medication is helpful.

Congestive heart failure

This condition occurs when your heart is unable to pump the blood to the rest of the body. As a result, blood and fluid can be directed and build up in different parts of the body like legs, feet and ankles, which can cause puffiness or swelling which results in rapid weight gain. Even your abdomen may swell due to this. Blood and fluid can also be endorsed into your lungs, leading to exhaustion and shortness of breath.

Other indications of congestive heart failure include an irregular or rapid heartbeat, a tenacious cough or wheezing with pink or white phlegm, an increased need to pee at night, trouble concentrating, and chest pain.

It’s normal for your weight to alter a bit from day to day, or even from day to night. But a variation that keeps you in a general weight range is different from obstinate weight gain or loss over a period. If this is what you’re observing about your body, then seeing a doctor is a must.

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